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Homophobia Gay And Lesbian


We examined the associations between internalized homophobia, outness, community connectedness, depressive symptoms, and relationship quality among a diverse community sample of lesbian, gay, and bisexual LGB individuals.

Structural Homophobia Gay And Lesbian models showed that internalized homophobia was associated with greater relationship problems both generally and among coupled participants independent of outness and community connectedness.

Depressive symptoms mediated the association between internalized homophobia and relationship problems. This study improves current understandings of the association between internalized homophobia and relationship quality by distinguishing between the effects of the core construct of internalized homophobia and its correlates and outcomes.

The findings are useful for counselors interested in interventions and treatment approaches to help LGB individuals cope with internalized homophobia and relationship problems.

Internalized homophobia is further characterized by an intrapsychic conflict between experiences of same-sex affection or desire and feeling a need to be heterosexual Herek, Furthermore, internalized homophobia may never be completely overcome, thus it could affect LGB individuals long after coming out Gonsiorek, Recent research on internalized homophobia and mental health has adopted a minority stress perspective DiPlacido, ; Meyer ; a.

In a meta-analytic review of the epidemiology of mental Homophobia Gay And Lesbian disorders among heterosexual and LGB individuals Meyer a demonstrated differences between heterosexual and LGB individuals and attributed these differences to minority stress processes.

Meyer a has defined minority stress processes along a continuum of proximity to the self. For the LGB person these stressors are based in the heterosexist environment, such as prevailing anti-gay stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination. Most proximal to the self is internalized homophobia: Coping efforts are a central part of the stress model and Meyer has noted that, as it applies to minority stress, individuals turn to other members and aspects of their minority communities in order to cope with minority stress.